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Visual Flights Rules (VFR)

1. Except when operating as a special VFR flight, VFR flights shall be

conducted so that the aircraft is flown in conditions of visibility and distance from clouds equal to or greater than those specified in the following table:

VMC visibility and distance from cloud minima*

ALTITUDE BAND

AIRSPACE CLASS

FLIGHT VISIBILITY

ISTANCE FROM CLOUD

At and above 3050 m (10000 ft) AMSL

A*** B C D E F G

8 km

1500 m - horizontally 300 m (1000 ft ) - vertically

Below 3050 m (10000 ft) AMSL and above 900 m (3000 ft) AMSL, or above 300 m (1000 ft) above terrain, whichever is higher.

A*** B C D E F G

5 km

1500 m - horizontally

300 m (1000 ft ) - vertically

At and below 900 m (3000 ft) AMSL or 300 m (1000 ft) above terrain, whichever is higher.

A*** B C D E

5 km

1500 m - horizontally

300 m (1000 ft ) - vertically

F G

5 km**

Clear of cloud and with the surface in sight.

* When the height of the transition altitude is lower than 3050 m (10000 ft) AMSL, FL 100 should be used in lieu of 10000 ft. ** When so prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority:

a) flight visibilities reduced to not less than 1500 m may be permitted for flights operating:

1) at speeds that, in the prevailing visibility, will give adequate opportunity to observe other traffic or any obstacles in time to avoid collision; or

2) in circumstances in which the probability of encounters with other traffic would normally be low, e.g. in areas of low volume traffic and for aerial work at low levels,

b) HELICOPTERS may be permitted to operate in less than 1500 m flight visibility, if manoeuvred at a speed that will give adequate opportunity to observe other traffic or any obstacles in time to avoid collision.

*** The VMC minima in Class A airspace are included for guidance to pilots and do not imply acceptance of VFR flights in Class A airspace. NOTE

See point 3 concerning VFR flights between sunset and sunrise.

2. Except when a clearance is obtained from an air traffic control unit, VFR flights shall not take off or land at an aerodrome within a control zone, or enter the aerodrome traffic zone or traffic pattern:

a) when the ceiling is less than 450 m (1500 ft); or

b) when the ground visibility is less than 5 km.

3. VFR flights between sunset and sunrise shall be operated in accordance with the following conditions:

a) clear from clouds with visibility of terrain or lights on the ground;

b) with true air speed not greater than 300 km/h;

c) not higher than 3050 m (10000 ft) AMSL, when the height of the transition altitude is lower than 3050 m (10000 ft) AMSL, FL 100 shall be used in lieu of 10000 ft;

d) except for take-off or landing at a height not less than:

1) 300 m over obstacles - for aeroplanes;

2) 200 m over obstacles - for helicopters;

e) with meteorological conditions as specified in the table in point 1 but without exceptions under letters a) and b).

4. Unless authorized by the ATS authority, VFR flights shall not be operated:

a) above FL 200;

b) with transsonic and supersonic speeds.

5. Authorization for VFR flights to operate above FL 290 shall not be granted in areas where vertical separation minimum of 300 m (1000 ft) is applied above FL 290 (an airspace where reduced vertical separation minima (RVSM) are applied).

6. Except when necessary for take-off or landing, a VFR flight shall not be flown:

a) over the congested areas of cities, towns or settlements or over an open air assembly of persons at a height less than 300 m (1000 ft) above the highest obstacle within a radius of 600 m from the aircraft;

b) elsewhere than as specified in a) above, at a height less than 150 m (500 ft) above the ground or water. The rule does not apply to state aircraft;

c) over the congested area of the capital city of Warsaw below FL 70;

d) over the areas of cities with a number of inhabitants between 25000 and 50000 at a height less than 500 m AGL for helicopters and piston engine aeroplanes and 1000 m AGL for aeroplanes equipped with other engines;

e) over the areas of cities with a number of inhabitants between 50000 and 100000 at a height less than 1000 m AGL;

f) over the areas of cities with more than 100000 inhabitants at a height less than 1500 m AGL;

g) over the National Parks of areas equal or greater than 3600 m wide at a height less than 1000 m AGL and of areas less than 3600 m wide at a height less than 300 m AGL;

h) over other designated objects at a height less than 300 m AGL for helicopters and piston engine airplanes and 1000 m AGL for aeroplanes equipped with other engines;

In other justified cases VFR flight may be flown after obtaining clearance from the President of the Civil Aviation Office.

7. Except where otherwise indicated in air traffic control clearances, VFR flights in level cruising flights when operated above 900 m (3000 ft) from the ground or water, shall be conducted at a cruising level appropriate to the track, as specified in the tables of cruising levels on pages ENR 1.7-3 and ENR 1.7-4.

8. VFR flights shall comply with the provisions applicable to controlled flights:

a) when operated within Class B, C and D of airspaces;

b) when forming part of aerodrome traffic at controlled aerodromes; or

c) when operated as special VFR flights.

9. An aircraft operated in accordance with a flight plan, in the cases when submission of a flight plan is required, shall maintain continuous air-ground voice communication watch on the appropriate communication channel and report its position as necessary to the air traffic services unit providing flight information service.

10. An aircraft operated in accordance with the visual flight rules intending to change from VFR to IFR shall:

a) if a flight plan was submitted, communicate the necessary changes to be introduced to its current flight plan, or

b) if a flight plan was not submitted, submit a flight plan to the appropriate air traffic services unit and obtain a clearance prior to proceeding IFR within controlled airspace.